Each year at this time, I look forward to the annual Battelle-R&D Magazine research and development forecast. This year, total R&D expenditures in the United States are expected to increase about 3.5 percent to $285.6 billion in 2002. Nevertheless, the report points out that three significant factors have combined to exert influence on the state of R&D funding for the upcoming year.
The three factors include the change in presidential administration, the faltering economy and the events and aftermath of the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks.
"The effects of these are not simply isolated and cumulative," said Dr. Jules Duga, a Battelle senior researcher and coauthor of the report. "It is clear that there are interactions among the three, and -- when superimposed upon what one might consider a 'normal' set of circumstances of change -- their effects are somewhat more difficult to deal with."
Highlights from the forecast are:The federal government is expected to spend $75.5 billion on R&D in 2002, which is a 4.7-percent increase over the prior year.Industry continues to lead in the number of dollars funding R&D with nearly $195 billion expected to be spent in 2002, which is a 3.2-percent increase.Academia and non-profits provide the other significant portion of national R&D funding, which is expected to be $15.4 billion, about 3 percent more than was committed in 2001.
The impact of significant external forces cannot be underestimated. "In previous years, the analysis of the emerging patterns of R&D could readily accommodate almost any singular disruption and could present a reasonable picture of the anticipated effects," Duga said. "However, the concurrent triple whammy . . . creates a degree of uncertainty that is higher than usual and adds a layer of complexity to the forecast."
The Federal Outlook Government commitment to R&D before Sept. 11 was beginning to show signs of growth driven largely by proposed expansions of programs in defense and health. As a result of Sept. 11 events, federal expenditures on R&D will be even greater, especially in the areas of intelligence information and improved methods for the interpretation of such information. Other areas include electronics for computers and telecommunications, and pharmaceuticals and medical-delivery systems using specialized capabilities in vaccine development and administration.
The Industrial Outlook While the total amount is significant, the rate of increase is somewhat less than has been experienced in recent years. The economic downturn will have an adverse effect upon both the funding of R&D and the distribution of that funding across different performing sectors. Historically, inflation-adjusted reductions in R&D funding have resulted in periods of retrenchment that lasted over a few years. However, this year's change in industrial support is primarily a change in the rate of growth, and a period of adjustment.
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